How to encourage independence in babies montessori way
The Montessori method is rooted in the idea that babies and young children can—and should—be empowered to do things on their own. The philosophy is that an infant who is given independence will grow up to be a confident, self-sufficient adult.
Montessori schools are based on the principle of "self-directed activity" and "freedom within limits." Children are encouraged to explore materials and objects with their hands and bodies, as they wish. They also learn through direct experience with real-life activities, such as cooking or gardening.
Montessori's approach to education is based on a belief in the natural development of children:
1) That children are naturally active;
2) That they need freedom in order to develop;
3) That they can learn by doing;
4) That they need to be exposed to a wide variety of experiences;
5) That they should not be forced or pressured into activities that don't interest
Let’s read on few points to see how this can be encouraged.
Providing options is important in helping people find what they want.
When it comes to being independent, infants are usually tested on their capacity to make simple decisions. It is usually about showing them a book and a ball. They may not yet have the language to inform you which one they prefer, but they may do so in other ways. They may grab the book or look at the ball a little longer when you notice a preference. You may say, ‘You chose the book! Let’s read it together.’
Be willing to share the difficult tasks to help your team succeed.
You can breakdown a difficult task for your baby by doing part of it for them, then encouraging them to finish the rest.
For example, if a wooden ball rolls out of your baby's reach, and your baby wants it back but can't reach it, you can help them by inching the ball just a little bit closer without actually giving it to them.
Create a model and narrate it.
Babies learn a lot by merely watching and observing you doing tasks all day long. So instead of completing some chores like putting laundry into machine or clearing up their room, do it when they are awake and let them observe you. When you notice your baby paying attention, say what you are doing: ‘I'm putting the toy back in the basket. I now put the basket back on the shelf.